Persons M-Z

Maffei, Scipione (1675-1755). Historian and scholar from Verona, where he founded the Museo Lapidario in 1745 to house Roman, Greek, and Etruscan inscriptions.

Mai, Angelo (1782-1854). Cardinal and philologist, curator of the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan (1813-1819) and then of the Vatican Library in Rome (1819-1833). He discovered important Latin and Greek texts by examining palimpsest manuscripts with the aid of chemical agents.

Malanotte, Adelaide (1785-1832). Operatic contralto born in Verona, she is famous for being the first performer of the title role in Rossini’s Tancredi in 1813. Performed often at La Fenice in Venice.

Metastasio, Pietro Antonio Domenico Bonaventura Trapassi, known as (1698-1782). Poet and dramatist, famous for his librettos. Revolutionised Italian melodrama during the 18th century. His librettos were set to music by the most famous composers of his day, but are nowadays performed rarely due to their reliance on castrato singers.

Monti, Vincenzo (1754-1828). Poet and dramatist who was the poet laureate of Napoleon’s Italian court. Mostly remembered for his translation of the Iliad into Italian, which he was revising around the time when Moore met him.

Palladio, Andrea di Pietro, known as, (1508-1580). Architect and humanist. Designed numerous villas in the Veneto region and several churches and public buildings in Vicenza and Venice. His theories of architectural proportion, published in his Quattro Libri dell’Architettura (1570) influenced European architecture for at least three centuries.

Perugino, Pietro (c. 1450-1523). Prominent Renaissance painter, active in Rome and Florence, as well as in his native region of Umbria. Mentor of Raffaello. See website of the major exhibition held in Perugia in 2004 (biography section available in English).

Petrarca, Francesco (1304-1374). Italian poet and scholar. His Canzoniere shaped European lyrical poetry for centuries, while his researches into Classical antiquity laid the basis of the Renaissance.

Pindemonte, Ippolito (1753-1828). Poet and man of letters, neoclassical in style but influenced by Ossianic poetry. Remembered chiefly for his translation of the Odissey into Italian (1822), on which he was working around the time when Moore met him.

Plinius Secundus, Gaius [Pliny the Elder] (23-79). Roman naturalist and naval commander, author of the influential encyclopedic work Naturalis Historia.

Sanzio, Raffaello (1483-1520). Painter and architect, one of the greatest artists of the Renaissance. Moore seems unimpressed by his Marriage of the Virgin (1504), which had only recently (1806) been added to the Brera collections. See National Gallery biography.

Reni, Guido(1575-1642). Italian painter born in Bologna and pupil of the Carracci school. His numerous commissions in Rome and Bologna made him one of the best-known and respected Baroque artists in Italy.

Russell, John, Earl Russell (1792-1878). British Whig politician, Prime Minister in 1846-52 and 1865-66. Lifelong friend of Moore, and later editor of his diary and correspondence. Toured Italy with Moore in 1819.

Scott, Alexander (????). British traveller to Venice who swam the Grand Canal with Byron. See Cochran (ed.) Byron’s Correspondence and Journals vol. 07, p. 2

Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti, known as (1518-1594). Venetian painter, famous for his large-scale canvases, such as those seen by Moore at the Scuola Grande di San Rocco. His use of dramatic lighting and composition make him a precursor of Baroque style. See National Gallery biography.

Tiraboschi, Girolamo (1731-1794). Scholar and author of the first History of Italian Literature (1772-1782). Curator of the library of the Jesuit college of Brera in Milan (1755-1770). Moore erroneously believed him to have been librarian at the Biblioteca Ambrosiana, also in Milan.

Vecellio, Tiziano (c.1485-1576). Painter from the Veneto region, whose long career spanned the main princely courts in Italy and Spain. Acknowledged as supreme master in the use of colour. He painted at least two portraits of Mary Magdalen, neither of which is currently in Venice. See National Gallery biography.

Veronese, Paolo Caliari known as, (1528-1588). Painter born in Verona but active mostly in Venice, where he decorated the Marciana Library, the Ducal Palace, and numerous churches. Known for his banqueting scenes and for his mastery of colour. See National Gallery biography.

White, Lydia. Society hostess in London (see Works of Lord Byron: With His Letters and Journals, and His Life, vol. 12, p. 41-42note and vol. 2 p. 423). Cochran in Byron’s Correspondence and Journal vol. 3 p. 178note states she was Irish).